Capgrave, John


Capgrave, John
(1393–1464)
   John Capgrave was a 15th-century English Augustinian friar who wrote theological texts, saints’ lives (see SAINT’S LIFE), poetry, and historical works in both Latin and English. He had a wide reputation throughout Europe as a learned scholar in his own day, and rose to the position of provincial (that is, the ecclesiastical governor) of his order in England. Capgrave was born at Lynn in Norfolk, and most likely entered the Augustinian order at a young age. He was probably university educated, and there is reason to believe that he received a doctorate degree from Oxford. He was ordained a priest in 1417 or 1418, and at some point before 1456 he was made provincial of his order.He went on pilgrimage to Rome at least once, but he spent most of his life in the King’s Lynn friary, and died there in 1464 at the age of 71.
   Capgrave’s Latin writings include theological texts, biblical commentary, historical texts, and lives of saints. Among his Latin works are the Vita Humfredi Ducis Glaucestriae, a life of Humphrey, the duke of Gloucester, who was Capgrave’s patron and to whom he dedicated a number of his works; the Liber de Illustribus Henriciis (Book of the illustrious Henries), a book on the lives of English kings, German rulers, and other famous men named Henry; and the Nova Legenda Angliae, perhaps his most significant Latin text, a collection of the lives of English saints, which is a revision of an earlier collection by John of Tinmouth called the Sanctilogium.
   In English, Capgrave wrote a few poems, a guide to the pilgrimage sites of Rome, a life of the English saint Gilbert of Sempringham, and a verse biography of St. Catherine of Alexandria. But Capgrave’s best-known English work is his Chronicle of England from the Creation to AD 1417. The Chron-icle is a compilation of many earlier sources and of Capgrave’s own perceptions. The history is admired for its lucid style as well as its concrete details, especially in the later sections concerned with Capgrave’s own lifetime. The Chronicle is still an important source for historical information about the reign of Henry IV.
   Bibliography
   ■ Lucas, Peter J., ed. John Capgrave’s Abbreuiacion of Cronicles. Oxford: Published for the Early English Text Society by the Oxford University Press, 1983.
   ■ Munro, J. J., ed. John Capgrave’s Lives of St. Augustine and St. Gilbert of Sempringham, and a Sermon. 1910. Reprint,Milwood, N.Y.: Kraus Reprint, 1987.
   ■ Nova Legenda Anglie: As Collected by John of Tynemouth, John Capgrave, Others, and First Printed, with New Lives. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1901.
   ■ Winstead, Karen A., ed. The Life of Saint Katherine. Kalamazoo, Mich.: Medieval Institute Publications, 1999.

Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Capgrave, John — • Augustinian friar, historian, and theologian, b. at Lynn in Norfolk, 21 April, 1393 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Capgrave, John     John Capgrave …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Capgrave, John — ▪ English scholar born April 21, 1393, Lynn, Norfolk, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1464, Lynn       historian, theologian, and hagiographer who wrote an English Life of St. Katharine, vigorous in its verse form and dramatically energetic in its debate. His …   Universalium

  • CAPGRAVE, JOHN —    Augustine friar, wrote Chronicle of England, and voluminously both in French and English (1393 1464) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Capgrave, John — (1393 1464)    Historian and theologian, b. at Lynn, became an Augustinian Friar, and at length Provincial of the Order in England. He studied probably at Camb., visited Rome, and was a client of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, whose life he wrote …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Capgrave — (21 April 1393 – 12 August 1464) was an English historian, hagiographer and scholastic theologian Schooling Capgrave was born in Bishop s Lynn, now King s Lynn, Norfolk My cuntre is Northfolke, of the town of Lynne (Life of St Katharine, 16). His …   Wikipedia

  • John Capgrave —     John Capgrave     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Capgrave     Augustinian friar, historian, and theologian, b. at Lynn in Norfolk, 21 April, 1393; d. there, 12 August, 1464 (according to Pits, 1484). His name is known chiefly in connection… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Capgrave — John Capgrave (* 1396 in Norwich, Norfolk; † 1464 in King s Lynn, Norfolk) war ein englischer Historiker, Theologe und Augustinermöch in der Renaissance. Leben Capgrave studierte in Oxford und schloss sich dann den Augustinern an. Den Großteil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Capgrave — (* 1396 in Norwich, Norfolk; † 1464 in King s Lynn, Norfolk) war ein englischer Historiker, Theologe und Augustinermönch in der Renaissance. Leben Capgrave studierte in Oxford und schloss sich dann den Augustinern an. Den Großteil seines Werks… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • English literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present day. The major literatures written in English outside the British Isles are… …   Universalium

  • Blanche Grosmont — Blanche of Lancaster, Herzogin von Lancaster, Countess of Derby, eigentlich Blanche Plantagenet, (deutsch: Blanka von Lancaster; * wahrscheinlich 25. März 1341 oder 1345; † wahrscheinlich 12. September 1368 auf Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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